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Current Affairs: 10th January 2015

Category : All, Current Affairs · by Jan 11th, 2015

1- Chinese Physicist Yu Min awarded State Preeminent Science and Technology Award 2014

khichdi, blog,current affairs, general,knowledge, ias, ips, civil, services, CSAT,pre, ies, general studies, GS, mains, competitive, entrance, bank, PO, IBPS, Chinese Physicist Yu Min awarded State Preeminent Science and Technology Award 2014

Chinese Physicist Yu Min

Prominent Chinese theoretical physicist Yu Min has been awarded State Preeminent Science and Technology Award for 2014. Chinese President Xi Jinping gave him the award in the ceremony held at Great Hall of the People in Beijing. He was awarded for his groundbreaking research which led to the development of China’s first hydrogen bomb in 1967. It was tested after China’s first successful atomic weapons test. He is famously known as China’s ‘Father of Hydrogen bomb’.

About Yu Min

He was a researcher at the Modern Physics Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. His work on nuclear weapon theory played a critical role in the design of the nuclear weapons of China and number of high-tech research projects. He has also won China’s national scientific progress prizes three time and was honored as a national labor model, and in 1992 was awarded the Guanghua Special Prize.

About State Preeminent Science and Technology Award of China 

It is China’s highest prize, awarded annually by the State president to country’s scientists. It is also referred to as the State Supreme Science and Technology Award and considered as the China’s Nobel Prize. It was started in 2000 and declared in month of January of every year. This award consists of monetary sum of 5 million Renminbi (official currency China). Out of this total sum, 10% is given to the awarded scientist, and 90% is given as the fund for his scientific research project.

2- Union Government merges PIO and OCI cards

Union Government has merged Persons of Indian Origin (PIO) card-holders with Overseas Citizens of India (OCI) card-holders. Union Home Ministry in this regard has issued notification mentioning that all PIO card-holders henceforth are deemed to be OCI card-holders with effect from 9th January 2015. Thus, withdrawing PIO cards with immediate an effect. Now only OCI cards facility with enhanced benefits will exist to provide maximum possible benefits to Indian Diaspora. This notification was announced on the concluding day of 13th Pravasi Bharatiya Diwas.

Background

Earlier on January 6, 2015 Government had promulgated Ordinance to amend the Citizenship Act, 1955. This amendment changed the eligibility and provided additional benefits of PIO Card holders that have been incorporated in OCI Card and certain other relaxation to OCI Card holders. Governments this decision comes in lines with Prime Minister Narendra Modi previously made announcement in USA and Australia visits. During this visit he had announced that PIO and OCI cards will be merged and the Indian Diaspora will be given maximum possible benefits.

3- Aziz Qureshi sworn in as Governor of Mizoram

Aziz Qureshi sworn in as Governor of Mizoram

Aziz Qureshi

Aziz Qureshi has sworn-in as the Governor of Mizoram. Justice Michael Zothankhuma, Judge of the Gauhati High Court, administered the oath of office to Qureshi. The swearing-in ceremony was held at the Durbar Hall of the Raj Bhavan in Aizawl. It was attended by the s Mizoram Chief Minister Lal Thanhawla and some of his cabinet colleagues. Earlier Aziz Qureshi was governor of Uttarakhand. But in December 2014, he was transferred from Uttarakhand and was appointed as the Mizoram Governor.

Constitutional provisions of Governor Article 153: It says that there shall be Governor for each state. But 7th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1956 facilitated the appointment of the same person as a governor for two or more states.

Article 156: Governor is appointed by President and hold office during the pleasure of President. It should be also noted that this article also mentions tenure of Governor. In this regard it says that Governor shall hold office for the term of 5 years from date he enters office.

4- Sindhushree Khullar appointed as Chief Executive Officer of NITI Aayog

Sindhushree Khullar appointed as Chief Executive Officer of NITI Aayog

Sindhushree Khullar

Appointment Committee of the Cabinet has appointed senior bureaucrat Sindhushree Khullar as the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of NITI Aayog. She will serve in the post for one year starting from 1st January. She is 1975-batch officer of the Indian Administrative Service’s (IAS) Union Territories cadre. She had retired from the service in March 2013. Earlier, she was member-secretary of Planning Commission.

Background

Union Government had replaced 6 decade year old Planning Commission with a new institution named National Institution for Transforming India (NITI Aayog) on 1st January. This new institution aims to serve as Think Tank of the Government. Noted Economist Arvind Panagariya was appointed Vice Chairman of the NITI Aayog.

5- 3 day Flamingo Festival begins near Pulicat Lake in Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh

khichdi, blog,current affairs, general,knowledge, ias, ips, civil, services, CSAT,pre, ies, general studies, GS, mains, competitive, entrance, bank, PO, IBPS, 3 day Flamingo Festival begins near Pulicat Lake in Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh

Flamingo Festival

3 day Flamingo Festival has begun at the famous brackish water of Lake Pulicat in Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary located at Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh. It will be hosted in Doravari Satram mandal, in Nellore district. This festival provides a unique opportunity for people, particularly ornithologists, environmentalists, bird watchers, forest and tourism officials To study the bio-diversity of Pulicat and Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary, To initiate measure to conserve the bio-zones for future generations in this area. It also promotes eco-tourism in the district. In this three day festival, several cultural and entertainment programmes will take place.

Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary

The Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary, considered one of the biggest habitats for some hundreds of pelicans and other birds. It is located about 20 km north of the Pulicat Lake on the Andhra Pradesh-Tamil Nadu border. This sanctuary spread in an area about 459 hectares. Every year from October to March, different species of migratory birds, roosting migrants and some rare and endangered species from various parts of the world visit the habitat. This sanctuary plays important role in nesting of various birds especially migratory birds.

Birds found in this sanctuary are: Flamingos, Pelicans, Siberian Storks, Open Billed Storks, Night Herons, Egrets, Little Cormorant, Golden Backed Wood Pecker, Spotted and Ring Doves, King Fishers, Painted Storks, White Necked Storks, Spoon Bills and other species of birds. The villagers in area nearby to this sanctuary treat the migratory birds with affection and provide protection to them.

6- Tata’s Vistara airline starts domestic flight operation

Tata’s Vistara airline starts domestic flight operation

Tata’s Vistara airline

Tata’s Vistara airline has started domestic flight operation in India. Vistara started its flight operation after first flight took off from Delhi to Mumbai on 9 January 2015. Vistara airline is a joint venture of Tata Sons and Singapore Airlines (SIA). Earlier in 2014, Tata Group had to launch a full-service carrier in India with the help of SIA. Some facts about Vistara airline As part of joint venture Tata group owns 51 percent stake of Vistara airline, while Singapore Airlines holds 49 percent of stake. In the first year of their service, they will operate flights from Delhi to Goa, Mumbai, Bangalore, Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, Chandigarh, Srinagar, Jammu and Patna. To start full-service, Vistara has leased two A320s air crafts. It will be the third full-service airlines in India, after state-run Air India and private carrier Jet Airways. This is the second time the Tata group, has entered the full service airline business in India. First time in 1932, they had started Tata Airlines, which was later renamed Air India in 1946, and was nationalised in 1953.

7- World Hindi Day is being observed on 10 January every year

Every year 10 January is being observed World Hindi Day. Objective of this day is to promote use of Hindi language abroad. To mark the occasion, special functions are being organized. It is usually, observed by Union Ministry of External Affairs (MoEF) and Indian Missions abroad.

Background of World Hindi Day

On this day in 1975, the First World Hindi Conference was organized in Nagpur by then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. It was held from 10 to 12 January 1975. In first conference, then Prime Minister of Mauritius Seewoosagur Ramgoolam was Chief Guest. This conference was attended by 122 delegates from 30 countries. Since then every year 10th January is being observed as the World Hindi Day.

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