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Current Affairs: 19th January 2015

Category : All, Current Affairs · by Jan 20th, 2015

1- 2014 hottest year on record: US scientists

According to US scientists, year 2014 was the hottest year on record, with global average temperature increasing about 0.8 degrees Celsius since 1880. It was revealed by two separate analyses carried out by NASA and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

Key outcomes

10 warmest years since records began in the 19th century have all been since 1997. In 2014, record temperatures were spread around the globe. It included most of Europe stretching into northern Africa, the western United States, far eastern Russia into western Alaska, parts of interior South America, parts of eastern and western coastal Australia and elsewhere. Recent trends of warming have been dominated by human emissions of greenhouse gases. Earlier, it was thought of chaotic weather patterns. But later it was considered that year-to-year fluctuations in average global temperature are caused by phenomena such as El Nino or La Nina. El Nino or La Nina phenomena generally warm or cool the tropical Pacific oceanic region and are thought to have played a role in the flattening of the long-term warming trend over the past 15 years. However, 2014’s record warmth occurred during an El Nino-neutral year.

2- World Future Energy Summit begins in Abu Dhabi

World Future Energy Summit begins in Abu Dhabi

World Future Energy Summit || Abu Dhabi

The World Future Energy Summit 2015 has begun in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (UAE). It is eight edition of the summit and will be four day event. It will provide platform to delegates including world leaders, international policy makers, industry leaders, investors, experts, academia, intellectuals and journalists from all over the world including India. Delegates will discuss the future of renewable energy and how to overcome the challenges in tapping potential of it.

Key highlights of World Future Energy Summit

It will provide a platform for commercial solutions to clean and green energy. It will include exhibition of first-of-its-kind, fully integrated hybrid product that captures both solar and wind energy to provide more consistent power generation. Summit will also display a mobile solar power plant on a trailer with a 4.8 kWp capacity and battery storage of up to 20 kWh and a new turbine that converts energy from sea waves. It will also display parabolic sun-dish concentrators combined with a specialized steam generator suitable for enhanced oil recovery, power generation, water desalination operations and power generations are on display.

3- United Nation and Mali government declares country Ebola-free

United Nation and Mali government declares country Ebola-free

Ebola-free Mali

Mali Government has declared country Ebola free. It was announced after no new case of deadly virus was reported in last 42-day period (i.e. two incubation periods of 21 days for Ebola virus). While, United Nations Mission for Ebola Emergency Response (UNMEER) has also declared that Mali as Ebola free.

Key facts

Mali was the sixth West African country to record cases of Ebola virus. First case was reported in October 2014. As per World Health Organisation (WHO) in Mali, in total 8 cases were reported, killing 6 of them. According to WHO, it is the worst Ebola (viral haemorrhagic fever) outbreak in history which has infected at least 21,296 people. Till date deadly Ebola virus has killed more than 8,400 people mostly from West African countries of Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia.

4- Indian-American Frank Islam presented with Martin Luther King Award

Indian-American Frank Islam presented with Martin Luther King Award

Martin Luther King Award

Frank Islam, an eminent Indian-American entrepreneur and philanthropist has been presented with the prestigious Martin Luther King Jr Award. He was given the award for his contribution to the legacy of the great leader through his efforts in international service and civil engagement.

About Frank Islam

He was born in Azamgarh, Uttar Pradesh to a peasant father. He had moved to US when he was only 15 years old. He is an entrepreneur, investor and philanthropist. In 1993, he had bought a struggling IT company in Maryland. Later in 2007, he sold it to spent rest of his life in philanthropy, both in India and the US. Currently, he heads the FI Invest Group a firm that he established after selling his IT Company. He is also board member of several think tanks, academic and cultural organisations including pretigious Kennedy Centre for Performing Arts, the Brookings Institute and US Institute of Peace.

Books: He has written two well-regarded books on the American condition. They are Working the Pivot Points: To Make America Work Again (2013). Renewing the American Dream: A Citizen’s Guide for Restoring Our Competitive Advantage (2010).

Martin Luther King Jr Award

It is an annual award started in 1991. It honors the legacy of noble peace recipient civil right leader Martin Luther King Jr and the legendary Dorothy I Height and their impacts both at home and abroad.

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