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Current Affairs: 25th April 2015

Category : All, Current Affairs · by Apr 26th, 2015

1- Rajya Sabha passes The Rights of Transgender Persons Bill, 2014

Rajya Sabha passes The Rights of Transgender Persons Bill, 2014Rajya Sabha on 24 April 2015 unanimously passed The Rights of Transgender Persons Bill, 2014 by voice vote. It should be noted that it was a private member’s bill moved by DMK MP Tiruchi Shiva to protect the rights of transgender persons. It is the first private members bill to be passed in 46 years. In the past, 14 Private Members’ Bills have been passed. Now, the bill will go to the Lok Sabha for the passage.

Key features of the Bill

Seeks to provide framework for the formulation and implementation of a comprehensive national policy for ensuring overall development of the transgender persons and their welfare.

  • Two percent reservation in primary, secondary and higher education and in government jobs.
  • Establishment of Employment Exchange, National and State Commissions for Trasngender Persons and Special Transgender Rights Courts.
  • No child who is transgender will be separated from his or her parents on the grounds of being a transgender except on an order of competent court.
  • Penalty for hate speech against transgender persons includes imprisonment extending upto one year and with fine.

This bill will help government take necessary steps in order to ensure that transgender persons enjoy the right to life with dignity and to personal liberty guaranteed by the Constitution. It should be noted that 29 nations and leading democracies in the world including US, UK, Canada, France, Australia, Italy and Singapore have legislations protecting rights of transgender persons.

2- Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurates India’s Healthcare Tourism Portal

Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurates India’s Healthcare Tourism PortalPrime Minister Narendra Modi on 24 April 2015 inaugurated India’s Healthcare Tourism Portal www.indiahealthcaretourism.com at the ‘SAAARC Trade Mart’ in the Global Exhibition on Services (GES). It was inaugurated on the occasion of three-day Global Exhibition on Services (GES) that commenced on 23 April, 2015 in Pragati Maidan, New Delhi.

Key facts about Healthcare Tourism Portal

The portal is developed by the Union Government’s Department of Commerce and the Services Export Promotion Council (SEPC). It is a comprehensive one-point information site that covers hospital and travel-related information in India. Presently, it covers 124 accredited medical facilities. It includes 93 medical centers, 30 Ayurveda and Wellness centers and 1 special category center. Among these medical facilities 74 facilities are located in Tier I cites and the rest are in Tier II cities. These covered accredited medical facilities on portal are easily locatable. It is also easy to find by search options by location, medical specialty, key procedures, language options etc. Details such as costs related to treatment in hospitals, visa and travel formalities, tariff options on stay etc are also mentioned on the portal.

3- India-Bangladesh join hands to protect spectacled Langur

India-Bangladesh join hands to protect spectacled LangurIndia and Bangladesh have decided to take concerted conservation efforts to protect the rare spectacled Langur. These conservation efforts will be taken to protect this species of Langur found in Patharia Hills Reserve Forest on either side of the fenced border along both nations in Karimganj district of Assam’s Barak Valley. Decision in this regard was taken into effect at the meeting of higher officials of both countries. The primary focus of this conservation effort is to preserve the habitat for the survival of the primates in the Patharia Hills Reserve Forest that is posing a major threat to the wildlife present in the forest. It also seeks to spread awareness campaigns which will be conducted in the fringe villages to urge people not to destroy the forests for firewood. Spectacled Monkey is popularly known as the ‘Chasme vala bandar’. They have white spectacle like patches around the eyes. The Patheria Hills reserve Forest is spread over an area of around seven thousand hectares on the Indian side and consists of two blocks Patheria ‘A’ and ‘B’. It is only the forest in Assam, where the Spectacled Monkey is found while Mizoram and Tripura are the other two states in the country where it inhabits. Apart from spectacled Langur, the reserve forest is also home to the endangered Hoolock Gibbon and Golden Langur.

4- India ranked 117 in World Happiness Report 2015

India ranked 117 in World Happiness Report 2015

World Happiness Report 2015

India was placed at 117th position in the recently released World Happiness Report 2015 among the 158 studied nations. The report was published by the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN).

Key facts from report

  • Top five countries: Switzerland (1st), Iceland (2nd), Denmark (3rd), Norway (4th) and Canada (5th).
  • Bottom five countries: Rwanda (154th), Benin (155th), Syria (156th), Burundi (157th) and Togo (158th).
  • Other countries: United States (15th), United Kingdom (21th), Japan (46th) and China (84th).
  • India is ranked below countries like Pakistan (81st), Bangladesh (109th), Ukraine (111th) and Iraq (112th).

About World Happiness Report

The report aims at influencing government policy. The report is prepared based upon study undertaken by Gallup World Poll. The data is used to ranked nations based upon variables such as real GDP per capita, healthy life expectancy, corruption levels and social freedoms.

5- Assam awarded as Best e-Panchayat state on National Panchayati Raj Diwas

State of Assam has been awarded as the Best e-Panchayat state on 25 April 2015 on the occasion of National Panchayati Raj Diwas. Prime Minister Narendra Modi presented the award to state Rural Development minister Rakibul Hussain in New Delhi. Apart from this award, 8 Panchayat Raj Institutes of state also received Rajiv Gandhi Panchayat Shasaktikaran award. These panchayat raj institutes are – Agomoni Anchalik Parishad, Morigaon Zila Parishad, Ketri Gaon Panchayat, Mayong Gaon Panchayat, Boitamari Anchalik Parishad, Halakula Gaon Panchayat, Chandrapur Gaon Panchayat and Baghara Gaon Panchayat.

6- 25 April: World Malaria Day

25 April: World Malaria Day

25 April: World Malaria Day

Every year World Malaria Day (WMD) is observed on 25 April. The day is observed to recognise the global efforts to control preventable disease malaria. The theme of this year WMD-2015 is “Invest in the Future and Defeat Malaria”. This day also seeks to highlight the need for continued investment and sustained political commitment for elimination and control of malaria. WHO also had called on the global health community to urgently address significant gaps in the treatment, prevention and diagnosis of malaria.

Background

World Malaria Day was instituted in 2007 by World Health Organization (WHO) member nations during World Health Assembly. This day is one of the eight official global public health campaigns currently marked by the WHO. Some facts As per United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) report more than 1200 children die every day worldwide from Malaria. At least three quarters of malaria deaths occur in children under 5. According to the recent report by the World Health Organization (WHO) since 2000, Malaria deaths worldwide have declined by 47 percent. In Africa alone, Malaria deaths during the period declined by 54 percent.

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