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Golden Treasure of Ayurveda : Organic Cultivation of Turmeric

Category : All, Education, Farming · by Apr 4th, 2015

#2 Golden Treasure of Ayurveda : Organic Cultivation of Turmeric

Cultivation of turmeric is economically profitable because of its varied uses & easy cultivation features as already described in Golden Treasure of Ayurveda : “Turmeric” .

Turmeric cultivation favours by alluvial soil & temperate climate, both features are predominantly available in India.

Following are the basic steps for organic cultivation of Turmeric (Organic Farming)

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Turmeric Rhizome

Soil:

  • Grows well in loamy or alluvial soil with good drainage system
  • Loose and friable soil helps
  • Gravy, clayey and stony , acidic, alkaline, soils are not suitable
  • pH- 5.5.-6.5
  • Water logging conditions harm the plant

Climate:

  • Hot climate with proper moisture conditions for good growth of rhizome
  • 1000-1200 m altitude preferable
  • Partial to full sun light is beneficial
  • Temperature upto 40 degree

Land Preparation:

  • Deep tilth and heavy manuring
  • Ploughing 2-3 times upto the depth of 30 cm
  • After ploughing 12-15 tonne/acre of cattle manure should be mixed well in the field
  • Seedbeds of 20 m length and 3 m wide are made in the field and distance b/w teo seedbeds should be kept about 20 cm for proper growth
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Propagation of Turmeric

Propogation:

  • Done through fingers of corm.
  • Appropriate period for plantation- April end (India)
  • Small pieces of finger corm having one or two buds are planted at a depth of 5-6 cm in the soil.
  • Weight of each finger- 40g
  • Plant to plant distance- 20 cm and b/w rows- 30 cm
  • Irrigation should be done immediately for proper settling of fingers

Manuring/ Bio-fertilizers:

  • Phosphorus and potas affect the yield and growth of plants. So, 10 kg/acre of each should be well mixed in the field at the time of planting and after that 2 quintal/acre of vermicompost should be spread when the field has been irrigated immediately after plantation.

Irrigation:

  • Field should be kept well moist for settlement of fingers.
  • April- June- frequent irrigation needed

Weeding:

  • First- after one month of plantation
  • Periodical as per the requirement

Plant Protection:

  • To protect infestation with fungus, the finger corms should be kept dipped in a solution of 200 litre water and 10 litre cow urine for 20 minutes before plantation.

Disease: Leaf Spot

  • Caused by Cercospora curcuma, 40 kg of neem cake per acre can be applied as a based dose to cure the disease.

Harvesting:

  • After 9-10 months after lower leaves turn pale yellow.
  • Leaves- collected for commercial oil
  • Rhizomes- through hand picks
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Harvesting of Turmeric

 

Post- harvesting:

  • Small finger like rhizome pieces should be separated and kept aside as stock for raising the next crop.
  • Kept in heaps in shady areas, properly covered with C.longa leaves and some soil, air passage holes should be made in these heaps
  • Cleaned and dried in shade for 1 week until hardening takes place.
  • Hard rhizome pieces are biled for 1-2hrs in 100L of water containing 100g of sodium bicarbonate. 50 g of sodium bisulphate and hydrochloric acid is also added. When rhizomes get softened, boiling should be stopped and these are dried in the field for 10-15 days.
  • Polishing- After drying, it is polished. 2kg of lime, 30 g sodium bisulphate, 30 ml HCl, 50 g alum and 150 ml castor oil are added to 100 g of C. longa.

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