Guidelines for Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana(PMKVY) has been released by National Skill Development Corporation (Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, Government of India) 2015
All training partners, NSDC and MSDE meet in Delhi (in Indian Habitat Center on 13th May) to discuss the roll out of Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojna (PMKVY) 1st phase of PMKVY,
& Sector Skill Council (SSC) has started allocating targets for the Pilot phase (June) , Based on performances of an individual Training Partner, further Targets will be allocated in the Month of July.
The objective of this Scheme is to encourage skill development for youth by providing monetary rewards for successful completion of approved training programs. Specifically, the Scheme aims to:
Currently, only a very small proportion of India’s workforce has any formal skill training. Not surprisingly therefore several sectors of the country’s economy face shortage of skilled people and are mired with low productivity levels due to poor quality of workforce. At the same time, large sections of the country’s youth are looking for economic and livelihood opportunities. In this context, skill development has become a key priority area for the country. This is not only essential for economic development, but would help to fulfil youth aspirations for good quality, better paid jobs and self-employment opportunities. This would also enable the country to take advantage of its favourable demographic profile. With a large pool of skilled people, India has an opportunity to become a skill provider for the world, particularly the ageing developed world.
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) is the flagship outcome-based skill training scheme of the new Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE). This skill certification and reward scheme aims to enable and mobilize a large number of Indian youth to take up skill training and become employable and earn their livelihood. Under the scheme, monetary reward would be provided to trainees who are successfully trained, assessed and certified in skill courses run by affiliated training providers. This will boost the productivity of the country’s workforce by enabling them to acquire high quality skill training across a range of sectors. It will also bring about a paradigm shift from input-based to outcome-based skill training in the country. It also seeks to significantly scale up skill training activities in the country and enable skill training to happen at a fast pace without compromising quality. Institutional arrangements comprising of the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), Sector Skill Councils (SSCs), Assessing agencies and Training Partners are already in place for implementation of the scheme
Training will be done against standards (National Occupational Standards – NOS and Qualification Packs – QPs for specific job roles) formulated by industry-driven bodies, namely the Sector Skills Councils (SSCs).
Based on assessment of skill demand and the ‘Skill Gap Studies’, target for skill training would be allocated to sector skill councils by NSDC in consultation with the SSCs, States/UTs and the Central Ministries/Departments under the oversight of the Steering Committee of PMKVY.
Target for skill training would be aligned to the demand from the Central Government’s flagship programmes, such as – ‘Swachh Bharat’, ‘Make in India’, ‘Digital India’, ‘National Solar Mission’ and so on.
NSDC training partners undergo due diligence before being registered with NSDC. Government affiliated training centres and other training partners will be approved by the SSCs on the basis of guidelines issued by NSDC. Under PMKVY, even the government affiliated training providers will undergo due diligence as per the process manual. Each training partner would be responsible for its entire franchisee network and the infrastructure of training centers. The same will be part of the monitoring process. Only first level of franchising would be allowed but the same should be declared in advance.
While, the thrust would be on outcomes in terms of third party assessment/certification, training providers to focus on improved curricula, better technology enabled pedagogy and upgrading the capacity of instructors to enable the overall ecosystem for high quality skill training in the country. All skill training would include soft skill training, personal grooming, behavioural change for cleanliness, and good work ethics as a part of the training curricula.
Third party assessments for skill training will be done based on national (and often) global standards. Under PMKVY, trainees with prior experience or skills and competencies will be assessed and they will also be given monetary rewards for undergoing assessments. This will be an important step towards recognising the skills possessed by workers working in the informal sector and their inclusion. This will also facilitate the process of skill upgradation and re-skilling of the existing workforce. The focus of RPL would be on those job-roles/sectors in which it is most desired.
In line with the objectives stated above, this Scheme is applicable to any candidate of Indian nationality who:
Monetary reward for various job roles within a sector varies for different as per job role levels. This amount would be arrived at after taking various factors like cost of training, willingness of trainees for pay and other relevant factors into consideration. Higher incentives will be given to training in manufacturing, construction and plumbing sectors.
|For Skills Training||For Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)|
|NSQF Levels||Plumbing &||Other sectors||Plumbing||Other sectors|
|Construction sectors||&Construction sectors|
|Level 3||& 4||10,000||7,500||2,500||2,000|
|Level 5||& 6||12,500||10,000|
PMKVY will follow complete transparent funding of skill training without any intermediaries with monetary rewards directly transferred to the trainee’s bank account. Aadhaar number will be used for unique identification of each candidate.
Awareness building & mobilization activities would be carried out with the involvement of local State and district governments as well as involve Members of Parliament in the activities to ensure greater outreach and ownership. A ‘camp-based’ approach by organizing ‘Kaushal Melas’ to disseminate information about various skill training options, outline possible career paths and income generation potential once the training is imparted would be held in every district. Efforts will be made to ensure that the coverage of the scheme is across all the 543 constituencies in India. Skill Yatras will be explored to take awareness to the hinterlands and include live demonstration of skills. Non-governmental and community-based organizations would be involved in this activity to ensure widest possible reach and create an environment for skilling in the country. This would be supplemented with specialised and standardized branding and communication packages through mass media and social media. Periodic surprise checks and audits of the mobilisation phase would be conducted to ensure its continued efficacy.
A mentorship programme will be created in order to support trainees who have successfully completed the training programme and are in the process of looking for employment opportunities. Training providers will be responsible for identifying mentors who will support and guide trainees in the post-training phase. These mentors will provide career guidance and counselling for trainees once they have completed training and will also help connect them to employment opportunities. This mentorship programme will also facilitate the tracking of trainees in the post training phase.
To monitor the training process, SSCs will be tasked with verifying and recording details of all training centres on the Skill Development Management System (SDMS), and ascertain quality of training locations and courses through certified assessors during the time of assessments. SSCs will also be responsible for certifying the training curriculum and for ensuring that it is aligned to QPs of job roles. In addition, SSCs will be tasked with certifying all trainers for the Scheme. Audit checks and surprise visits to training centres will also be conducted to ensure enhanced monitoring. Assessing process could be more technology driven and could also be carried out in CCTV environment.
Trainee feedback based on validated standard format verified at the time of assessment will become the key element of the evaluation framework to assess the effectiveness and scale up of PMKVY in future.
A proper grievance redressal mechanism would be put in place. Online Citizen’s Portal would be set up to disseminate information about PMKVY. This would also serve as a platform for redressal of grievances. The portal would also include a complete database of all available courses and training centres under PMKVY.
Following is the PMKVY outlay:
|Average Reward||Physical Target||Financial target|
|Amount (Rs.)||(Number of trainees in||(Rs.in crore)|
|Awareness and mobilization (5%)||67|
|Incentives for supplementary mentorship and placement services (5%)||67|
|Administrative expenses (2%)||26|
The scheme will be implemented through the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).
Steering Committee for PMKVY would be responsible for providing direction for implementation of the scheme. The Steering Committee will be empowered to review the framework and make suitable modification as and when required in the scheme. The Committee will oversee dynamic fixation of targets for skilling, amount of monetary reward by job roles, activities related to awareness building and trainee mobilization, mentorship support. The Steering Committee may appoint sub-committees at national or state level (s) to assist in exercise of its functions. It is recommended that sub-committees at the district level are also formed especially to focus on awareness and mobilization activities, as well as for monitoring of the scheme.
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