Prime Minister (PM) Narendra Modi has inaugurated the Dandi Kutir museum in Gujarat’s capital of Gandhinagar. It is a state-of-the-art three-storey museum, based upon the life and works of Mahatma Gandhi. It was inaugurated on the occasion of the 13th Pravasi Bhartiya Divas (PBD) and 7th edition of Vibrant Gujarat.
It is the biggest permanent museum in the world based on life of one person- Mahatma Gandhi. It traces the life and times of Mahatma Gandhi through various faces as barrister, his struggles in South Africa, return to India and successfully leading the freedom struggle. Each and every aspect of Gandhi’s life is portrayed in the form of sculptures in the ‘salt-mound’ at Mahatma Mandir. Dandi Kutir is located inside a 41-metre high salt-mound. This salt-mound depicts Gandhiji’s famous Dandi march of 1930 against the salt tax provisions imposed by the British regime. Through number of exhibits that are displayed in museum, key concepts of Gandhian thoughts like Satyagraha, non-violence, self-reliance, Gram Swaraj are elaborately explained. This museum also showcases 3D short film and also an audio-visual presentation of milestone incidents of the Indian Independence Movement.
Karunanidhi has been re-elected as the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) Party’s President for the 11th time. He was elected by the newly constituted general council of party.
It is a state political party in South Indian state of Tamil Nadu and Union Territory (UT) Puducherry. It was founded in 1949 in then Madras Presidency by C. N. Annadurai as a breakaway faction from the Dravidar Kazhagam (known as Justice Party till 1944) headed by Periyar. It was a former member of the United Progressive Alliance (UPA). Karunanidhi was elected President of the Party on July 27, 1969 after C.N. Annadurai’s death. Since then he is President of Party. This party also holds the distinction of being the first party in India other than the Indian National Congress (INC) to win state-level elections with a clear majority on its own in any state.
N Annadurai- He was first CM of DMK. He was in office from 1967-69.
Karunanidhi- He was CM on five separate occasions. They are 1969-71, 1971-76, 1989-91, 1996-2001, 2006-11.
NASA’s Kepler Space Telescope has achieved a big milestone after it had discovered 1000 exoplanet. In order to achieve this milestone, planet hunting telescope had continuously monitored more than 150,000 stars beyond our solar system. It has offered scientists an assortment of more than 4,000 candidate planets for further study and recently, 1,000 exoplanet was verified among these monitored stars.
Using Kepler’s data, scientists have reached this millenary milestone after validating 8 more planet candidates that were spotted by the telescope. Kepler team also has added another 554 candidates to the roll of potential planets. Among them 6 are near-Earth-size and orbit in the habitable zone of stars similar to our Sun. As per Kepler team, 3 of the newly-validated planets are located in their distant suns habitable zone. They are in the range of distances from the host star where liquid water might exist on the surface of an orbiting planet. Of the three planets, two are likely made of rock like Earth. They were named as Kepler-438b and Kepler-442b. Both Kepler-438b and Kepler-442b orbit stars smaller and cooler than our Sun. Thus making the habitable zone closer to their parent star, in the direction of the constellation Lyra.
Exoplanet: It is is a planet that does not orbit the Sun and instead orbits a different star, stellar remnant, or brown dwarf. It is also termed as extrasolar planet.
Japanese automaker Honda has agreed to pay US 70 million dollars in fines to the US authorities for failing to report safety issues involving its cars. It was announced by the US regulator National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) after Honda had accepted liability for the breach on safety issues. As per NHTSA, Honda failed to report more than 1,700 death and injury claims involving its cars between July 2003 and June 2014. In this regard, Honda will pay two $35 million fines, making it as the largest amount ever paid by any automaker.
Honda was under investigation for violations of NHTSA’s Early Warning Reporting regulations. As per the NHTSA rules, it is necessary for the automakers to report quickly any information about possible defects, deaths and injuries or damage and warranty claims made by consumers. But Honda failed to reveal and report 1,729 cases involving deaths or injuries between July 2003 and June 2014 to the NHTSA. NHTSA earlier had reported that, few incidents of Honda cars involved Takata Corp air bags that had ruptured and had been the subject of massive recalls. But, Honda attributed this incident to its data entry and computer programming errors. Thus, failing to comply NHTSA rules and regulations. So the fine was imposed by US regulator.
Pravasi Bharatiya Samman 2015 has been awarded to 15 prominent non-resident Indians (NRI’s) on the concluding day of 13th Pravasi Bharatiya Diwas. They have been conferred with award for their contribution in various fields. The awards were presented by Vice-President Hamid Ansari at Mahatma Mandir in Gandhinagar, Gujarat.
Satyanarayan Nadella- CEO of tech giant Microsoft.
Donald Rabindernauth Ramaotar- He is President of Guyana and awarded for his work for the Indian diaspora in Guyana.
Mala Mehta- For her contribution to Hindi language. She is founder of Indo- Australian Bal Bharatiya Vidyalaya in Thornleigh suburb in Sydney. Since its establishment, she has been pursuing the growth of Hindi in Australia.
Rajaram Sanjaya- He is India-born Mexican scientist. He is winner of the ‘2014 World Food Prize’ for developing 480 wheat varieties that have been released in 51 countries.
Kanwaljit Singh Bakhshi- He is Member of Parliament (MP) from New Zealand. He is also known for work he had done for the Indian diaspora in New Zealand.
Essop Goolam Pahad- He is a South African politician. He was Minister in the Presidency from 1999 to September 2008 in South Africa.
Mahendra Nanji Mehta- Uganda-based businessman of Indian origin.
Professor Nathuram Poori –He is founder of Purico Group are also chosen for their contribution to Indian diaspora.
Lord Raj Lumba- He is a philanthropist and founder of clothing company Rinku Group. He is a Liberal Democrat member of the House of Lords, United Kingdom.
Kamlesh Lulla- He is chief scientist for Earth observation in the Human Exploration Science Office at the Johnson Space Centre at NASA. He has named for the award for his exceptional service to the space science.
Nandini Tandon- She has been given this award for her work in life sciences and Healthcare and IT in USA and India along with other emerging markets.
Rajmal Parakh,Duraikannu Karunakaran Shah, Bharatkumar, Jayantilal, Ashraf Palarkunnummal
It is the highest honour conferred on overseas Indians. As a part of the Pravasi Bharatiya Divas (PBD), this award is conferred by the President of India on Non-Resident Indian, Person of Indian Origin (PIO) or An organization or institution established and run by the Non-Resident Indians or Persons of Indian Origin. This award carries a bilingual Sanad (certificate) under the hand and the seal of the President. In addition, it includes a citation, a gold medallion and a miniature of the medallion in the form of a lapel pin.
Pravasi Bhartiya Divas is a programme organized by Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs to foster greater interaction between the Indian Diaspora and Indian government. It provides the Diaspora a platform to put forth their issues and grievances before the government. At the same time, the government also uses this occasion to showcase opportunities for investment in India to the expatriate community. Started in 2003 by the then NDA Government, it is held every year for 3 days between Jan 7-9. Mahatma Gandhi had returned from South Africa to India on Jan 9th in 1915, this event inspires the dates of this programme.
Maithiripala Sirisena has sworn-in as 7th President of Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka’s Supreme Court Judge K. Sri Pawan administered the oath of office to Maithiripala Sirisena at a oath taking function held at the Independence Square in Colombo. While, United National Party (UNP) leader Ranil Wickramasinghe was sworn-in as Sri Lanka’s Prime Minister.
Election verdict: Maithiripala Sirisena was declared elected in Presidential elections after he had defeated incumbent President Mahinda Rajapaksa by more than 4 and a half lakh votes. In this election he had secured 51.28 per cent of total votes casted. Summary on Sri Lanka’s 2015 Presidential Election After the result was declared, incumbent President Mahinda Rajapaksa had conceded defeat. It should be noted that for the first time in Sri Lanka, an incumbent President was defeated. Mahinda Rajapaksa was President for one decade and had played important role to end LTTE militancy in 2009. He also played important in huge development projects in the island nation, but failed to address the political aspirations of the minority Tamil community, protect the Muslims from Buddhist hardliners and secure a better economic deal for the poor. Maithiripala Sirisena was Health Minister Rajapaksa’s government. But after Presidential were declared in November 2014 he opposed Mahinda Rajapaksa by contesting the elections. In this Presidential election, Maithiripala Sirisena got huge support of rainbow coalition of several parties and minority communities as he had promised constitutional, electoral and administrative reforms within a hundred days of coming to power. He also had promised to abolish Executive Presidency in Sri Lanka and hand over political power to the Prime Minister and the Parliament. Maithripala Sirisena He was born on 3 September 1951 and is son of a World War II veteran. Political career: He had joined mainstream politics in 1989 through the Sri Lankan Freedom Party. He was first elected to Sri Lankan Parliament in 1989. He has held several ministries in Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga government. He was Minister of Agriculture in the first Rajapakas government elected in 2005. He was reelected in 2010 and appointed Minister of Health. In 1971, he was arrested on suspicion of leading a revolt against the government and was in jail for almost two years.
Governor’s rule has been imposed in the state of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K). It was imposed after President Pranab Mukherjee approved the recommendation of J&K Governor N. N. Vohra as there is deadlock in the State over formation of a new government after state assembly election. Earlier, Governor had submitted a report to the President, after caretaker Chief Minister Omar Abdullah had resigned.
Jammu Kashmir State assembly election held in December 2014 had given hung verdict as no party has majority to form government in State. In this election, Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) has emerged as the single largest party with 28 seats in the 87 members House. While Bhartiya Janta Party (BJP) has emerged second largest party winning 25 seats. But both parties failed to get the magic figure of 44 to form a government. Other parties like National Conference (NC) have 15 MLAs while Indian National Congress (INC) has 12 MLA’s.
In case of failure of constitutional machinery in any other state of India, the President’s Rule is imposed under Article 356 of the Constitution. But in case of J&K, as per Section 92 of state Constitution, the Governor’s Rule can be imposed in the state for a period of six months only after the consent of the President of India in case of failure of constitutional machinery. During the Governors rule, State Assembly is either suspended or dissolved. If the Constitutional machinery is not restored before the expiry of this six month period, the provision of Article 356 of the Constitution of India are extended to J&K and the President’s rule is imposed in the State. It should be noted that, Governors rule has been imposed in the state for the 6 time since 1977.
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